JOHN 1:5 IN THE ORATION AND DIATESSARON OF TATIAN CONCERNING THE READING KATAAAMBANEI BY T. BAARDA Introduction The allusions and quotations in the Oration A peculiar feature of the Oratio ad Graecos of Tatian is, at first sight, the absence of almost any explicit quotation from the Biblical text. This might strike the reader as strange after he has been told by the author himself that the conversion of the author was occasioned by the discovery of the archaic and divine 'barbarian writings'. However, as an apologist he does not stand alone in this respect. 'The Oration'- Grant observes2-"provides an excellent example of the rule that apologists generally make allusions rather than give explicit quota- tions". Tertullian's Apologeticum is another example.3 The idea is that an apologist in a polemical work against a pagan audience cannot argue from a source that was not well-known to them.4 Even if it is true that apologies of this kind were implicitly planned "to build the ego of the Christian by destroying that of the Greek",5 one has to recognize the fact that Tatian intended to write both for Christians and pagans.' However, since he expresses so clearly his high esteem for
Vigiliae Christianae – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1993
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