282 system for Africans is also briefly documented, and racist supportive explanations challenged. Overall, Urdang's argument is that whereas apartheid is repressive and inhuman in relation to the whole of the black population, it increases to unbearable proportions the work and responsibilities of women, particularly those left on the reserves to feed, clothe, and house both the children and the elderly while husbands and fathers are separated from them by the system of migrant labor. Part II. conveys a more hopeful message. It begins with a chapter on Zimbabwe, in which the role specifically of women in achieving independence in 1980 is outlined. Lapchick, who authored this section, seems to accept the importance of women as armed combatants in the struggle for independence, and to see this kind of involve- ment as largely responsible for any achievement of post-revolutionary equality be- tween Zimbabwean women and men. In the chapter on Namibia, however, he quotes SWAPO's Women's Council, which recognizes that such equality is not always forth- coming : "Experience has shown that after the liberation struggle women are left out in participating in the government which they helped bring about" (p. 116). Some small discussion is allotted to
Journal of Asian and African Studies (in 2002 continued as African and Asian Studies) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1984
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