ISTITUZIONI E FONTI L'ISTITUTO VACCINOGENO ALL'OSPEDALE DI SANTA MARIA DEGLI INNOCENTI DI FIRENZE NEL XVIII SECOLO SILVIA BARCHIELLI Firenze SUMMARY Under the government of the Lorraine dynasty, in 1756, Doctor Targioni Tozzetti and his colleague Scutellari inoculated six children with some drops of smallpox (taken from a 12 year-old boy who was already ill) at the Ospedale degli Innocenti, the old florentine foundling hospital. This was the first instance of smallpox vaccination in Florence. Under the government of Pietro Leopoldo (Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790 and then Emperor of Austria from 1790 to 1792), in 1777 the inoculations were carried out under the responsibility of Doctor Stefano Baci. This time were submitted to vaccination fourteen children and it is interesting to note how many and what changes occurred with respect to the vaccination performed twenty years before. RIASSUNTO La prima Â«vaccinazioneÂ» antivaiolosa effettuata a Firenze risale al 1756, all'epoca del governo della Reggenza Lorenese; quel primo esperimento fu affidato ai dottori Targioni Tozzetti e Scutellari, i quali inocularono alcune gocce di vaiolo (prelevato dalle pustole di un ragazzino giÃ � malato) in sei bambini dell'Ospedale degli Innocenti, antico brefotrofio fiorentino. L'ino- culazione piÃ¹ importante, fra
Nuncius (successor of "Annali") – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1998
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