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Islamophobia after 9/11: International Terrorism, Sharia and Muslim Minorities in Europe ― The Case of the United Kingdom

Islamophobia after 9/11: International Terrorism, Sharia and Muslim Minorities in Europe ― The... We must be aware of the superiority of our civilization, a system that has guaranteed well-being, respect for human rights - and in contrast with Islamic countries - respect for religious and political rights. Islamic civiliza- tion is stuck where it was fourteen hundred years ago.' I Many horrific acts have been, and continue to be, carried out in the name of Islam, just as they have been in the name of Christianity. But unlike Islam, Christianity does not justify all forms of violence. Islam does.2 I. INTRODUCTION Islam, Muslims and the Islamic ethos have historically been the subjects of intense debate, intrigue and controversy3 The events of 11 September 2001, however, radically changed western perceptions of Islam and Muslims. There has been a dramatic escala- tion in what has been described as "Islamophobia".4This Islamophobia is characterized not only by feelings of fear, hatred and contempt for Islamic values, but followers of Islam have increasingly faced hostility, intimidation, discrimination and persecution.5 Notwithstanding political rhetoric, Muslims as members of minority communities in North America and Europe have been the particular objects of this Islamophobia.6The vulnerable Muslim minorities feel under considerable threat. There is evidence of fur- ther violations of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online Brill

Islamophobia after 9/11: International Terrorism, Sharia and Muslim Minorities in Europe ― The Case of the United Kingdom

European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online , Volume 3 (1): 19 – Jan 1, 2003

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
eISSN
2211-6117
DOI
10.1163/221161104X00129
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We must be aware of the superiority of our civilization, a system that has guaranteed well-being, respect for human rights - and in contrast with Islamic countries - respect for religious and political rights. Islamic civiliza- tion is stuck where it was fourteen hundred years ago.' I Many horrific acts have been, and continue to be, carried out in the name of Islam, just as they have been in the name of Christianity. But unlike Islam, Christianity does not justify all forms of violence. Islam does.2 I. INTRODUCTION Islam, Muslims and the Islamic ethos have historically been the subjects of intense debate, intrigue and controversy3 The events of 11 September 2001, however, radically changed western perceptions of Islam and Muslims. There has been a dramatic escala- tion in what has been described as "Islamophobia".4This Islamophobia is characterized not only by feelings of fear, hatred and contempt for Islamic values, but followers of Islam have increasingly faced hostility, intimidation, discrimination and persecution.5 Notwithstanding political rhetoric, Muslims as members of minority communities in North America and Europe have been the particular objects of this Islamophobia.6The vulnerable Muslim minorities feel under considerable threat. There is evidence of fur- ther violations of

Journal

European Yearbook of Minority Issues OnlineBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2003

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