Islamic Revival and National Development in the Arab World

Islamic Revival and National Development in the Arab World Islamic Revival and National Development in the Arab World AYMAN AL-YASSINI McGill University, Montreal, Canada ABSTRACT The paper explores the continuing connections between religion and society in the Arab world, with a focus on Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Syria. The three countries display a continuum, ranging from total dependence (Saudi), limited reliance (Egypt), to attempted separation of religion from politics (Syria). These three Arab countries have used Islam differently, at different times, resulting in different patterns of internal co-operation and conflict. Underlying these dif- ferences, there is the context of interplay of Islamic movements and Arab governments in which, under the pressures of the modern world, the Arab governments have yet to tackle their 'legitimacy crisis' successfully. The circumstances in the three Arab countries show some of the variety of the strategies and tactics used so far, and indicate the uncertain accomplishments. THE ACTIVE INTERPLAY between religion and society in the Arab world is a reflection of the Islamic ideology which, in its classical form, did not envision a separation between religion and state. Traditional Islamic political theories are based on the premise that the purpose of government in Islam is to preserve the shari'ah [Islamic law] and http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Asian and African Studies (in 2002 continued as African and Asian Studies) Brill

Islamic Revival and National Development in the Arab World

Journal of Asian and African Studies (in 2002 continued as African and Asian Studies) , Volume 21 (1-2): 104 – Jan 1, 1986

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1986 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0021-9096
eISSN
1568-5217
D.O.I.
10.1163/156852186X00080
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Islamic Revival and National Development in the Arab World AYMAN AL-YASSINI McGill University, Montreal, Canada ABSTRACT The paper explores the continuing connections between religion and society in the Arab world, with a focus on Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Syria. The three countries display a continuum, ranging from total dependence (Saudi), limited reliance (Egypt), to attempted separation of religion from politics (Syria). These three Arab countries have used Islam differently, at different times, resulting in different patterns of internal co-operation and conflict. Underlying these dif- ferences, there is the context of interplay of Islamic movements and Arab governments in which, under the pressures of the modern world, the Arab governments have yet to tackle their 'legitimacy crisis' successfully. The circumstances in the three Arab countries show some of the variety of the strategies and tactics used so far, and indicate the uncertain accomplishments. THE ACTIVE INTERPLAY between religion and society in the Arab world is a reflection of the Islamic ideology which, in its classical form, did not envision a separation between religion and state. Traditional Islamic political theories are based on the premise that the purpose of government in Islam is to preserve the shari'ah [Islamic law] and

Journal

Journal of Asian and African Studies (in 2002 continued as African and Asian Studies)Brill

Published: Jan 1, 1986

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