© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/156853711X570038 Journal of Cognition and Culture 11 (2011) 231–239 brill.nl/jocc Is Weaker Inhibition Associated with Supernatural Beliefs? Marjaana Lindeman a,* , Tapani Riekki a and Bruce M. Hood b a Department of Psychology, P.O. Box 9, 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland b Bristol Cognitive Development Centre, School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Bristol BS8 1TU, UK * Corresponding author, e-mail: marjaana.lindeman@helsinki.ﬁ Abstract Adults identiﬁed as believers and sceptics based on self-reports from a supernatural beliefs scale were assessed on two measures of inhibition; the Stroop Color–Word Task and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Both groups were of equal educational status and background. However, believers made signiﬁcantly more errors than sceptics on all subscales of the WCST but were equivalent in performance on the Stroop measure. This ﬁnding is consistent with the idea that supernatural beliefs in adults are related to some types of inhibitory control. Keywords Inhibition, Wisconsin Card Sorting test, Stroop, supernatural, paranormal Supernatural beliefs are common among highly-educated adults in modern societies. For example, 45% of British people believe in telepathy and 42.1% of Americans believe in ghosts (WVS, 1991–2004; Rice, 2003). Here
Journal of Cognition and Culture – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2011
Keywords: Wisconsin Card Sorting test; Stroop; paranormal; supernatural; Inhibition
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