Response Is Buddhism like a tomato? Thoughts about the transplantation of Buddhism to Germany: A response to Martin Baumann EVA K. NEUMAIER-DARGYAY Martin Baumann presented an insightful analysis of the adaptation processes manifest in the transplantation of Buddhism from its Asian homelands to Ger- many in his article, "The transplantation of Buddhism to Germany: Processive modes and strategies of adaptation" (1994). As a process of acculturation, the imported religion as well as the socio-cultural environment of the host country affect each other mutually. Baumann limits his study to those tradi- tions in which the representatives of the new religion actively participate in its dissemination, a phenomenon which Baumann calls missionary impulses. . Ethnic Buddhist traditions transplanted to Germany as a result of immigra- tion receive only marginal mentioning as Baumann sees in them neither any missionary dynamics nor a readiness for adaptation and change. He observes that some religions, such as Mahayana Buddhism, are more flexible when they encounter foreign cultures and therefore adapt more readily, whereas other religions, such as Theravada Buddhism, are more rigid and attempt to preserve a state that is perceived as "original". In wrestling with the dilemma which the term "Buddhism" represents (its
Method & Theory in the Study of Religion – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1995
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