INVESTIGATIONS OF AN EARLY HELLENISTIC SHRINE IN NYMPHAEUM O.YU. SOKOLOVA The northern shore of the Black Sea at all times attracted Greek seafarers. In the 7th-6th centuries B.C. many Greek colonies were founded there, one of them the city of Nymphaeum. Several times it is mentioned in surviving written sources. Ancient authors mention that it had a good harbour and that the surrounding lands were rich in wheat (Strabo, VII, 4), which ensured the well- being of its citizens and the city's privileged status. In the first half of the 6th century B.C. Nymphaeum was one of the leading cities of the Bosphorus. Regular archaeological investigation of the site were started in 1939 and are carried on up to the present time by the excavation team of the State Hermitage. Actually, the first survey of the site was undertaken in 1876-1880 by P. Dubrux. The Imperial Archaeological Commission excavated barrows and burial grounds connected with the site, drew plans of the settlement and of the necropolis (P. Dubrux. Reports of the Archaeological Commission, 1876, 1878, 1879, 1880). From 1978 the southern slope of the plateau of Nymphaeum is being exca- vated. These excavations revealed a monumental Early Hellenistic
Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2000
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