© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2007 DOI: 10.1163/187197407X261430 International Community Law Review 9 (2007) 445–473 I NTERNATIONAL C OMMUNITY L AW R EVIEW International Law on Trial: Th e Darfur Crisis and the Responsibility to Protect Civilians Kithure Kindiki * Associate Dean, School of Law, University of Nairobi 1. Introduction Th e 1994 Rwandan genocide, its devastating eﬀects and the inability of the inter- national community to prevent, limit or halt the atrocities came at a time when many African countries were, and still are, engulfed in deadly armed conﬂicts, most of which are intra-state in origin. 1 It also came at an extraordinary time in history when many ideas, relationships and institutions, which hitherto seemed solid, had begun to ‘dissolve’ rapidly. 2 In the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide, debate has persisted regarding whether there are emerging norms on when and how the international community can justiﬁably intervene to prevent or amelio- rate internal conﬂicts and widespread human rights abuses. 3 Ten years after the Rwandan genocide and despite years of soul-searching, the response of the international community to the events in the Darfur region of Western Sudan starting 2003 at best point at history repeating itself.
International Community Law Review (continuation of International Community Law Review and Non-State Actors and International Law) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2007
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