Non-State Actors and International Law 1: 7–39, 2001. © 2001 Kluwer Law International. Printed in the Netherlands. 7 International civil society in international law: The growth of NGO participation HOLLY CULLEN ∗ & KAREN MORROW ∗∗ Abstract. This article analyses the argument that the development of NGO activity in the international arena in the past decade demonstrates the emergence of international civil society. Such activity has accelerated in several areas, notably environment and human rights, and the integration of NGOs into the implementation of international law, particularly of multilateral treaties, indicates a socialisation of international law, and more importantly, the beginnings of pluralism in international law, where states are not the only actors which can influence the progressive development of international law. NGOs are an appropriate focus for this discussion as most aspects of civil society are represented by such bodies. Keywords: civil society, environment, European Community, human rights, Non-Govern- mental Organisations Introduction The term ‘international civil society’ (sometimes ‘global civil society’) 1 has grown into increasingly common usage. It is now being used even in the context of international law. 2 While the term is increasingly used, it is little analysed, except in terms of questioning whether
Non-State Actors and International Law (continued in International Community Law Review) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2001
Keywords: human rights; European Community; Non-Governmental Organisations; civil society; environment
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