Inclusivism at Qumran

Inclusivism at Qumran © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/156851709X395759 Dead Sea Discoveries 16 (2009) 22–54 www.brill.nl/dsd Inclusivism at Qumran Gudrun Holtz Universität Tübingen, Evangelisch-theologische Fakultät, Liebermeisterstr. 12, 72076 Tübingen, Germany holtz-noormann@gmx.de Abstract Within Early Judaism the Qumran Community is widely perceived as a strictly exclusivist group. A thorough analysis of Qumran texts, however, reveals, apart from the dominant strand of exclusivism, remarkably clear inclusivist tendencies. In Qumran literature inclusivist tendencies can be seen both in eschatological texts and in materials dealing with the self-understanding of the Qumran Community in historical time. Th e legal texts discussed basically confi rm this pattern: the Community is to separate from Gentiles and from members of those Jewish groups with whom it earlier entertained close relations. At the same time it is to support the poor and the proselytes. Strictly legal statements prohibiting contacts with non-Essene Judaism as such are missing. In the literature discussed inclusivist and exclusivist tendencies have diff erent weight. A pan-Israelite, e.g. inclusivist, perspective can be seen in 4QpNah, 4QFlor, 4QSM and especially in 4QMMT, 1QSa, and CD/4QD whereas in 1QS exclusivist tendencies predominate. Keywords inclusivism; exclusivism; eschatology; covenant; outsiders; Qumran law Within Early Judaism the Qumran Community 1 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Dead Sea Discoveries Brill

Inclusivism at Qumran

Dead Sea Discoveries, Volume 16 (1): 22 – Jan 1, 2009

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2009 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0929-0761
eISSN
1568-5179
D.O.I.
10.1163/156851709X395759
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/156851709X395759 Dead Sea Discoveries 16 (2009) 22–54 www.brill.nl/dsd Inclusivism at Qumran Gudrun Holtz Universität Tübingen, Evangelisch-theologische Fakultät, Liebermeisterstr. 12, 72076 Tübingen, Germany holtz-noormann@gmx.de Abstract Within Early Judaism the Qumran Community is widely perceived as a strictly exclusivist group. A thorough analysis of Qumran texts, however, reveals, apart from the dominant strand of exclusivism, remarkably clear inclusivist tendencies. In Qumran literature inclusivist tendencies can be seen both in eschatological texts and in materials dealing with the self-understanding of the Qumran Community in historical time. Th e legal texts discussed basically confi rm this pattern: the Community is to separate from Gentiles and from members of those Jewish groups with whom it earlier entertained close relations. At the same time it is to support the poor and the proselytes. Strictly legal statements prohibiting contacts with non-Essene Judaism as such are missing. In the literature discussed inclusivist and exclusivist tendencies have diff erent weight. A pan-Israelite, e.g. inclusivist, perspective can be seen in 4QpNah, 4QFlor, 4QSM and especially in 4QMMT, 1QSa, and CD/4QD whereas in 1QS exclusivist tendencies predominate. Keywords inclusivism; exclusivism; eschatology; covenant; outsiders; Qumran law Within Early Judaism the Qumran Community 1

Journal

Dead Sea DiscoveriesBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2009

Keywords: COVENANT; QUMRAN LAW; ESCHATOLOGY; OUTSIDERS; EXCLUSIVISM; INCLUSIVISM

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