"IN THE CLOUD AND IN THE SEA": BASIL OF CAESAREA AND THE EXEGESIS OF 1 COR 10:2 BY MICHAEL A. G. HAYKIN In a recent defence of the classical Pentecostal view of "Spirit- baptism", Harold D. Hunter draws upon not only the arsenal of Scrip- ture, but also quarries material from authors and texts of the history of the Church. In particular, he devotes a lengthy section to a discussion of the Fathers in an attempt to discover possible parallels to this classical Pentecostal doctrine.2 Among the authors whom he cites is Basil of Caesarea (ca. 330-379). On the basis of a text from Basil's magnum opus on the Holy Spirit, De Spiritu Sancto (henceforth cited as Spir.),3 Hunter believes that Basil regarded the bestowal of the Spirit upon a believer as an event which occurred immediately following water baptism, possibly, Hunter suggests, at a post-baptismal chrismation.4 The text in question occurs in Spir. 14.31, where Basil is commenting upon 1 Cor 10:2: "They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea". The people emerged from the sea unscathed; we too come up from water, as it were alive from the dead, saved by
Vigiliae Christianae – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1986
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