Imagining Hāfez: Rabindranath Tagore in Iran, 1932

Imagining Hāfez: Rabindranath Tagore in Iran, 1932 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/187471610X505951 Journal of Persianate Studies 3 (2010) 46-77 brill.nl/jps Imagining Hāfez: Rabindranath Tagore in Iran, 1932 * Afshin Marashi University of Kansas Abstract In April and May of 1932, Rabindranath Tagore traveled to Iran on an official visit. He had been invited to Iran as the official guest of Rezā Shah Pahlavi. Using an array of primary source material, this article examines the cultural, political, and ideological implications of this trip for the emerging discourse of nationalism in interwar Iran. The article argues that Tagore’s visit played an important part in promoting the new official nationalism of the Pahlavi state. The emerging interwar ideology of “Pahlavi nationalism” sought to dissociate Iran from the Abraha- mic-Islamicate “civilizational ethos” that was now understood to have long dominated Iranian culture, and instead sought to associate Iranian nationalism’s claim of cultural authenticity to a newly emerging notion of “Indo-Iranian civilization” rooted in the pre-Islamic culture of Zoro- astrianism and Aryanism. Tagore’s visit to Iran was seen as an opportunity for his Iranian hosts to present him to the Iranian public as a living personification of this newly conceived idea of national authenticity. The public ceremonies http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Persianate Studies Brill

Imagining Hāfez: Rabindranath Tagore in Iran, 1932

Journal of Persianate Studies, Volume 3 (1): 46 – Jan 1, 2010

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2010 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1874-7094
eISSN
1874-7167
DOI
10.1163/187471610X505951
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/187471610X505951 Journal of Persianate Studies 3 (2010) 46-77 brill.nl/jps Imagining Hāfez: Rabindranath Tagore in Iran, 1932 * Afshin Marashi University of Kansas Abstract In April and May of 1932, Rabindranath Tagore traveled to Iran on an official visit. He had been invited to Iran as the official guest of Rezā Shah Pahlavi. Using an array of primary source material, this article examines the cultural, political, and ideological implications of this trip for the emerging discourse of nationalism in interwar Iran. The article argues that Tagore’s visit played an important part in promoting the new official nationalism of the Pahlavi state. The emerging interwar ideology of “Pahlavi nationalism” sought to dissociate Iran from the Abraha- mic-Islamicate “civilizational ethos” that was now understood to have long dominated Iranian culture, and instead sought to associate Iranian nationalism’s claim of cultural authenticity to a newly emerging notion of “Indo-Iranian civilization” rooted in the pre-Islamic culture of Zoro- astrianism and Aryanism. Tagore’s visit to Iran was seen as an opportunity for his Iranian hosts to present him to the Iranian public as a living personification of this newly conceived idea of national authenticity. The public ceremonies

Journal

Journal of Persianate StudiesBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2010

Keywords: Indo-Iran; Rabindranath Tagore; nationalism; civilization; Zoroastrianism; Hāfez; Aryanism; Rezā Shah

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