II. Internal Repercussions from the Flow of Western Technology and Ideas In the afternoon session the Workshop focused on the economic and poli- tical ramifications of the transfer of Western technology to the Soviet Union, with John Hardt leading the discussion of a paper by Frederic Fleron. Mr. Hardt addressed himself to two broad questions in his opening remarks. The first of these was economic: does technology transfer make a difference? (Has it in the past, and does it now?) The second and related question was political in character: is the nature of technology transfer a threat to the Soviet system? (Do the Soviets view it as such, and are they right?) Mr. Hardt began by saying that "technology transfer" should be defined in broad terms. He himself would opt for Dernberger's definition, derived from Kuznets: it is all of those factors which increase production and change the structure of production. In other words, it is not just products; rather, it is a "systems" transfer. The Soviets do now view it in this broad sense, and since the 1971 plan directives they have been looking to the development of pro- grams for which Western technology is critical. Significantly,
The Soviet and Post Soviet Review – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1977
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