© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/157006510X512232 Journal of Early Modern History 14 (2010) 355-377 brill.nl/jemh Ideology and Organization in the Qing Empire R. Kent Guy University of Washington Abstract This article considers an essay on provincial government written by the Yongzheng Emperor of China shortly after his ascension to the throne in 1723. The essay treats pro- vincial governors’ role in personnel, ﬁnancial and military matters and the problems of China’s southwest. It reﬂects the emperor’s dissatisfaction with policies in each of these areas, which were all to be the focus of reforming eﬀorts during his reign. But perhaps more important, it expresses the Emperor’s new concern with the value of administrative eﬃcacy. The essay argues that this was a fundamental innovation in the political theology of the Chinese state. Although practical ideas for reform often came from governors them- selves, who were closer to the problems than the Emperor and more familiar with the details of solution, imperial leadership created a climate in which reform ideas would be welcomed and implemented. Keywords Qing dynasty (1644-1911), Yongzheng emperor (r. 1723-1736), administrative reform in Qing China, Chinese provinces, Qing provincial government Introduction In the early modern period
Journal of Early Modern History – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2010
Keywords: Chinese provinces; Yongzheng emperor (r. 1723-1736); Qing dynasty (1644-1911); administrative reform in Qing China; Qing provincial government
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