© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, DOI: 10.1163/187124109X408032 CHRC .- () – Church History and Religious Culture www.brill.nl/chrc Iconography and Identity: Syrian Elements in the Art of Crusader Cyprus Annemarie Weyl Carr Abstract The murals of triumphal arch in the Church of the Panagia Phorbiotissa, Cyprus, painted in the late thirteenth century when Cyprus was a Crusader state, adopt an iconography paralleled not in Byzantium but in the Miaphysite churches of the Syrian and Egyptian mainland, and best analyzed in relation to Miaphysite liturgical exegesis. As such, they suggest three revisions to current ways of thinking about the roles of Cyprus and the mainland in shaping the art of the Crusader era: ) rather than for a ‘maniera cypria’ or a ‘maniera tripolitana’, we must look for an intricate, two-way reciprocity; ) it is a reciprocity not simply between Cyprus and the mainland Crusader states, but between Cyprus and the far larger terrain of Syrian and Egyptian eastern Christendom; and ) it engages not only style but also iconography and content. Keywords Iconography; identity; Crusader Cyprus. This article addresses the relation of artistic developments on the Syrian main- land to those on the island of Cyprus during the
Church History and Religious Culture (formerly Nederlands Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
Keywords: CRUSADER CYPRUS; ICONOGRAPHY; IDENTITY
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