38 Journal of the Histor y of International Law Journal of the History of International Law 3 : 38–74, 2001. ©2001 Kluwer Law International. Printed in the Netherlands. Humphrey and the High Commissioner: the Genesis of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights A.J. Hobbins* 1. Introduction Early in 1947 when the UN Commission on Human Rights (CHR) began to consider its mandate to prepare an International Bill of Rights, this bill was envisioned to have three parts. These were a declaration of principles, a convention and some means of implementation. The first part proved relatively simple when the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the General Assembly in less than two years. The second part proved more problematical and it was not until the 1960s that two conventions, one on civil and political rights and the other on social and economic rights, were opened for signature. It has often been suggested that the reason for having two conventions was that the means of implementation were different. 1 However, the simple fact is that many of the civil and political rights were unacceptable to the Soviet bloc, while some of the social and
Journal of the History of International Law / Revue d'histoire du droit international – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2001
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