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Humpback whale songs: Do they organize males during the breeding season?

Humpback whale songs: Do they organize males during the breeding season? Humpback whale songs: Do they organize males during the breeding season? James D. Darling 1) , Meagan E. Jones & Charles P. Nicklin (West Coast Whale Research Foundation, 367 Tonquin Park Road, Tofino, B.C., Canada V0R 2Z0; Whale Trust, 300 Paani Place, Paia, Hawaii, USA 96779) (Accepted: 10 July 2006) Summary Male humpback whales ( Megaptera novaeangliae ) emit an ever-changing series of sounds during the breeding season known as song. The purpose of this study was to describe the behaviour and interactions of singers and, within this context, hypothesize song function. A sample of 167 singer interactions was collected from 1997-2002 off Maui, Hawaii. Singers typically: (1) were lone adults (80%); (2) sang until joined by non-singing males (89%), at least some of which had been neighbouring singers; (3) engaged in brief interactions (80% < 10 minutes); otherwise the pair stayed together until a subsequent interaction; (4) were involved in non-agonistic interactions (80%); and (5) were involved in series of such inter- actions across the breeding ground (documented in 25% of sample) which could lead to one or more of the interacting males joining a group that included a female (documented in 13% of sample). A singer-joiner http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Behaviour Brill

Humpback whale songs: Do they organize males during the breeding season?

Behaviour , Volume 143 (9): 1051 – Jan 1, 2006

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2006 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0005-7959
eISSN
1568-539X
DOI
10.1163/156853906778607381
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Humpback whale songs: Do they organize males during the breeding season? James D. Darling 1) , Meagan E. Jones & Charles P. Nicklin (West Coast Whale Research Foundation, 367 Tonquin Park Road, Tofino, B.C., Canada V0R 2Z0; Whale Trust, 300 Paani Place, Paia, Hawaii, USA 96779) (Accepted: 10 July 2006) Summary Male humpback whales ( Megaptera novaeangliae ) emit an ever-changing series of sounds during the breeding season known as song. The purpose of this study was to describe the behaviour and interactions of singers and, within this context, hypothesize song function. A sample of 167 singer interactions was collected from 1997-2002 off Maui, Hawaii. Singers typically: (1) were lone adults (80%); (2) sang until joined by non-singing males (89%), at least some of which had been neighbouring singers; (3) engaged in brief interactions (80% < 10 minutes); otherwise the pair stayed together until a subsequent interaction; (4) were involved in non-agonistic interactions (80%); and (5) were involved in series of such inter- actions across the breeding ground (documented in 25% of sample) which could lead to one or more of the interacting males joining a group that included a female (documented in 13% of sample). A singer-joiner

Journal

BehaviourBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2006

Keywords: MEGAPTERA NOVAEANGLIAE; COMPETITIVE; SONG; COOPERATIVE; MATING

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