GR. επι + DATIVE BY J. GONDA From a survey of the constructions of the preposition *epi, *opi, *pi it soon becomes clear that it was in Ancient Indian, Iranian, and Lithuanian associated with a locative, in various languages with the accusative, instrumental, or genitive, but out- side Greek never with a dative The Greek phrases with cum dativo can for the greater part be explained by the well- known fact that in the Hellenic language this case is a syncretistic category which has taken over not only the functions of the original dative, but also those of the instrumental and locative. There is however reason for questioning the correctness of the view ex- pressed by Schwyzer-Debrunner 2) that phrases such as a 44 86p7tcp "for supper" ; T 574 "in any one's favour (with the intention to favour one of the two parties)" are like x8ovi "on the earth" etc. continuations of ancient constructions of *ePi + locative. There seem to be weighty arguments in favour of the supposition, incidentally and tentatively ventured by Delbr3ck 3) and endorsed by Brugmann 4) and Gun- ther 5), that in Greek è7tt "vielleicht auch zu dem echten Dativ treten konnte".
Mnemosyne – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1957
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