I. I. NOTKIN The civil and religious buildings of the Central Asian peoples developed historically through a complicated interweaving oflocal traditions of architecture and construction with cultural influence from both neighboring and distant countries that varied according to their economic, military, political, or religious superiority. Architectural studies in the Soviet Union (A. Iu. Iakubovskii, V. A. Shishkin, G. A. Pugachenkova, L. I. Rempel, L. S. Bretanitskii, and others) have already accumulated a significant body of research that clearly reveals that the view some Western art historians of Arab architecture have put forth, namely that there is such a thing as a single, unified "Arabic" or "Islamic" architecture, is groundless. At the same time, however, when one considers the similarities in social structure and the magnitude of the cultural connections established from the seventh century on ward in the countries of North Africa, the Near East, and Inner Asia where feudal relationships and the religion of Islam prevailed, one cannot deny that these factors played a synthesizing role in the formation of architectural ideas and planning decisions about public-building types.! The present survey encompasses Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco, in addition to the territories
Muqarnas Online – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1988
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