Four Views of the Citadel: The Consequential Distinction between Secularity and Secularism

Four Views of the Citadel: The Consequential Distinction between Secularity and Secularism © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/187103211X576062 Religion and Human Rights 6 (2011) 109–126 brill.nl/rhrs Religion Human Rights Four Views of the Citadel: The Consequential Distinction between Secularity and Secularism Brett G. Scharffs * Francis R. Kirkham Professor of Law, J. Reuben Clark Law School, Associate Director, International Center for Law and Religion Studies Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA Abstract In this article I want to suggest that there is an important, perhaps critical, distinction between secularity and secularism —in particular, that one concept is a fundamental component of liberal pluralism and a bastion against religious extremism, and that the other is a misguided, even dangerous, ideology that may degenerate into its own dystopian fundamentalism. As a means of advancing this suggestion, I propose to view the distinction between secularity and secularism from four vantage points, each of which I will call a view of the citadel. Keywords religion; secularism; secularity; fundamentalism; religious freedom; laïcité ; pluralism * B.S.B.A., M.A., Georgetown University; B.Phil Oxford University; J.D. Yale Law School. Thanks to Suzanne Disparte of the International Center for Law and Religion Studies for research assistance. Thanks also to Professor Tibor Tajti and the students in his http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Religion and Human Rights Brill

Four Views of the Citadel: The Consequential Distinction between Secularity and Secularism

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Publisher
BRILL
Copyright
© 2011 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1871-031X
eISSN
1871-0328
D.O.I.
10.1163/187103211X576062
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/187103211X576062 Religion and Human Rights 6 (2011) 109–126 brill.nl/rhrs Religion Human Rights Four Views of the Citadel: The Consequential Distinction between Secularity and Secularism Brett G. Scharffs * Francis R. Kirkham Professor of Law, J. Reuben Clark Law School, Associate Director, International Center for Law and Religion Studies Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA Abstract In this article I want to suggest that there is an important, perhaps critical, distinction between secularity and secularism —in particular, that one concept is a fundamental component of liberal pluralism and a bastion against religious extremism, and that the other is a misguided, even dangerous, ideology that may degenerate into its own dystopian fundamentalism. As a means of advancing this suggestion, I propose to view the distinction between secularity and secularism from four vantage points, each of which I will call a view of the citadel. Keywords religion; secularism; secularity; fundamentalism; religious freedom; laïcité ; pluralism * B.S.B.A., M.A., Georgetown University; B.Phil Oxford University; J.D. Yale Law School. Thanks to Suzanne Disparte of the International Center for Law and Religion Studies for research assistance. Thanks also to Professor Tibor Tajti and the students in his

Journal

Religion and Human RightsBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2011

Keywords: secularism; religious freedom; fundamentalism; pluralism; religion; laïcité; secularity

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