© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/187103211X576062 Religion and Human Rights 6 (2011) 109–126 brill.nl/rhrs Religion Human Rights Four Views of the Citadel: The Consequential Distinction between Secularity and Secularism Brett G. Scharﬀs * Francis R. Kirkham Professor of Law, J. Reuben Clark Law School, Associate Director, International Center for Law and Religion Studies Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA Abstract In this article I want to suggest that there is an important, perhaps critical, distinction between secularity and secularism —in particular, that one concept is a fundamental component of liberal pluralism and a bastion against religious extremism, and that the other is a misguided, even dangerous, ideology that may degenerate into its own dystopian fundamentalism. As a means of advancing this suggestion, I propose to view the distinction between secularity and secularism from four vantage points, each of which I will call a view of the citadel. Keywords religion; secularism; secularity; fundamentalism; religious freedom; laïcité ; pluralism * B.S.B.A., M.A., Georgetown University; B.Phil Oxford University; J.D. Yale Law School. Thanks to Suzanne Disparte of the International Center for Law and Religion Studies for research assistance. Thanks also to Professor Tibor Tajti and the students in his
Religion and Human Rights – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2011
Keywords: secularism; religious freedom; fundamentalism; pluralism; religion; laïcité; secularity
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