441 MISCELLANEA FOUR NOTES ON PLATONIC USAGE 1. LSJ (s. v. åy<x9óç I 5) call this a "term of gentle remonstrance", referring to Plato, Prot. 311 a. Undoubtedly in this passage the term has this import, as it has in several other passages, e.g. in Prot. 314 e (Socrates' reaction to the doorwaiter's rude behaviour). But it covers a wider range, certainly in the Platonic dialogues. It often occurs as a friendly form of address, without the slightest tinge of remonstrance (for instance in Crito 48 d, Euthyphr. 10 a, Men. 235 d, Phaedo 64 c, Symp. 189 a), a 'neutral' usage. Sometimes, however, the friendliness becomes condescending, and the turn may convey mockery or even scorn, as in Gorg. 471 d, 486 c, 491 c, 506 c, 507 a, 511 b, 519 a. In Hipp. Mai. 285 d &y<x9l is clearly meant as a sneer; in 287 d, in the mouth of Socrates, it is "gentle remonstrance" (throughout the dialogue Socrates is very meek), whereas Hippias in 287 e uses it again as a sneer. In the late works all the occurrences of the turn are 'neutral' (Phil. 23 d, Laws 667 a, 686 d, 708 e,
Mnemosyne – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1984
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