Journal of American-East Asian Relations 17 (2010) 9–34 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI 10.1163/187656110X523717 brill.nl/jaer “For the Equality of Men – For the Equality of Nations”: Anson Burlingame and China’s First Embassy to the United States, 1868 John Schrecker Brandeis University Email: email@example.com Abstract Anson Burlingame (1820-1870), often neglected or misunderstood today, was an ardently anti- slavery congressman from Boston whom Abraham Lincoln appointed minister to China in 1861. Burlingame developed a Cooperative Policy that advocated peaceful means while upholding China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. Th e Chinese government subsequently appointed him China’s ﬁ rst envoy to the Western powers. Th e ﬁ rst stop of the so-called Burlingame Mission was America, from March to September 1868. Th is article focuses on three topics: (1) How the mission’s reception reﬂ ected the partisan struggle over Reconstruction and the push for racial equality. Republicans, the party of Reconstruction, proved sympathetic to the mission and to China, while the opposition Democrats were hostile. (2) How Burlingame presented Americans with a strongly favorable image of China to emphasize treating it with full respect and as a normal nation. (3) Th e Burlingame Treaty, the ﬁ rst equal treaty between
Journal of American-East Asian Relations – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2010
Keywords: ANSON BURLINGAME; BURLINGAME TREATY; RELATIONS CHINA NINETEENTH CENTURY; CHINESE AMERICANS; UNITED STATES; RACIAL EQUALITY; BURLINGAME MISSION; UNITED STATES HISTORY RECONSTRUCTION
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera