"For the Equality of Men – For the Equality of Nations": Anson Burlingame and China's First Embassy to the United States, 1868

"For the Equality of Men – For the Equality of Nations": Anson Burlingame and China's First... Journal of American-East Asian Relations 17 (2010) 9–34 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI 10.1163/187656110X523717 brill.nl/jaer “For the Equality of Men – For the Equality of Nations”: Anson Burlingame and China’s First Embassy to the United States, 1868 John Schrecker Brandeis University Email: schrecker@brandeis.edu Abstract Anson Burlingame (1820-1870), often neglected or misunderstood today, was an ardently anti- slavery congressman from Boston whom Abraham Lincoln appointed minister to China in 1861. Burlingame developed a Cooperative Policy that advocated peaceful means while upholding China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. Th e Chinese government subsequently appointed him China’s fi rst envoy to the Western powers. Th e fi rst stop of the so-called Burlingame Mission was America, from March to September 1868. Th is article focuses on three topics: (1) How the mission’s reception refl ected the partisan struggle over Reconstruction and the push for racial equality. Republicans, the party of Reconstruction, proved sympathetic to the mission and to China, while the opposition Democrats were hostile. (2) How Burlingame presented Americans with a strongly favorable image of China to emphasize treating it with full respect and as a normal nation. (3) Th e Burlingame Treaty, the fi rst equal treaty between http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of American-East Asian Relations Brill

"For the Equality of Men – For the Equality of Nations": Anson Burlingame and China's First Embassy to the United States, 1868

Journal of American-East Asian Relations, Volume 17 (1): 9 – Jan 1, 2010

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2010 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1058-3947
eISSN
1876-5610
D.O.I.
10.1163/187656110X523717
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Journal of American-East Asian Relations 17 (2010) 9–34 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI 10.1163/187656110X523717 brill.nl/jaer “For the Equality of Men – For the Equality of Nations”: Anson Burlingame and China’s First Embassy to the United States, 1868 John Schrecker Brandeis University Email: schrecker@brandeis.edu Abstract Anson Burlingame (1820-1870), often neglected or misunderstood today, was an ardently anti- slavery congressman from Boston whom Abraham Lincoln appointed minister to China in 1861. Burlingame developed a Cooperative Policy that advocated peaceful means while upholding China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. Th e Chinese government subsequently appointed him China’s fi rst envoy to the Western powers. Th e fi rst stop of the so-called Burlingame Mission was America, from March to September 1868. Th is article focuses on three topics: (1) How the mission’s reception refl ected the partisan struggle over Reconstruction and the push for racial equality. Republicans, the party of Reconstruction, proved sympathetic to the mission and to China, while the opposition Democrats were hostile. (2) How Burlingame presented Americans with a strongly favorable image of China to emphasize treating it with full respect and as a normal nation. (3) Th e Burlingame Treaty, the fi rst equal treaty between

Journal

Journal of American-East Asian RelationsBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2010

Keywords: ANSON BURLINGAME; BURLINGAME TREATY; RELATIONS CHINA NINETEENTH CENTURY; CHINESE AMERICANS; UNITED STATES; RACIAL EQUALITY; BURLINGAME MISSION; UNITED STATES HISTORY RECONSTRUCTION

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