146 "For Riding is Required a Horse" : A Pyoblem of Meaning and Reference in Late Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century Logic * E. J. ASHWORTH One of the most interesting features of the work of the logicians associated with the University of Paris in the late fifteenth century and the first part of the sixteenth century is their ap- plication of medieval logical doctrines to the discussion of actual examples. In this paper I intend to present a detailed study of one specific example, "For riding is required a horse" [Ad equitandum requiritur equus]. I shall first discuss each of the arguments that was used, showing its place in the general body of logical doctrine; then I shall present three typical texts, together with an analysis of the pat- tern of argument found in each. One text will deal with the problem in the context of contradiction, one in the context of conversion, and one in the context of supposition theory. In this way I hope to deepen our understanding both of the theories and of the techniques of med- ieval and post-medieval logic. PART ONE. DISCUSSION The proposition "For riding is required a horse" was seen
Vivarium – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1974
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