"For His Correction and as a Deterrent Example For Others" Mehmed Alī's First Criminal Legislation (1829-1830)

"For His Correction and as a Deterrent Example For Others" Mehmed Alī's First Criminal... © Brill, Leiden, 1999 Islamic Law and Society 6,2 "FOR HIS CORRECTION AND AS A DETERRENT EXAMPLE FOR OTHERS" ME…MED fiAL`’S FIRST CRIMINAL LEGISLATION (1829-1830) RUDOLPH PETERS (Universiteit van Amsterdam) Abstract Until now, the first criminal legislation promulgated by Me‰med fiAl´ has been available only in an unreliable Arabic summary. In this essay, I edit and translate the original Ottoman Turkish text, as found in the Egyptian National Archive. The edition and translation are preceded by an analysis of the code in which I argue (1) that this code is best regarded as an expression of Me‰med fiAl´’s attempt to centralize and rationalize the governmental apparatus and the administration of justice, in order to tighten his control over Egypt; and (2) that the document can be read as an articulation of the perceived social distance between the Turkish- speaking ruling class and other groups in Egyptian society. T HE CONVENING OF THE CONSULTATIVE COUNCIL ( Meclis-i MeÛve- ret, Meclis-i fiUmâm´ ) 1 in September 1829 (3 Rab´fi I 1245) 2 marked the beginning of Me‰med fiAl´’s legislative activity in the fields of criminal, constitutional and commercial law. During that year (1245 H., 1829- 1830 C.E.), two criminal codes http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Islamic Law and Society Brill

"For His Correction and as a Deterrent Example For Others" Mehmed Alī's First Criminal Legislation (1829-1830)

Islamic Law and Society, Volume 6 (2): 164 – Jan 1, 1999

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1999 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0928-9380
eISSN
1568-5195
D.O.I.
10.1163/1568519991208673
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

© Brill, Leiden, 1999 Islamic Law and Society 6,2 "FOR HIS CORRECTION AND AS A DETERRENT EXAMPLE FOR OTHERS" ME…MED fiAL`’S FIRST CRIMINAL LEGISLATION (1829-1830) RUDOLPH PETERS (Universiteit van Amsterdam) Abstract Until now, the first criminal legislation promulgated by Me‰med fiAl´ has been available only in an unreliable Arabic summary. In this essay, I edit and translate the original Ottoman Turkish text, as found in the Egyptian National Archive. The edition and translation are preceded by an analysis of the code in which I argue (1) that this code is best regarded as an expression of Me‰med fiAl´’s attempt to centralize and rationalize the governmental apparatus and the administration of justice, in order to tighten his control over Egypt; and (2) that the document can be read as an articulation of the perceived social distance between the Turkish- speaking ruling class and other groups in Egyptian society. T HE CONVENING OF THE CONSULTATIVE COUNCIL ( Meclis-i MeÛve- ret, Meclis-i fiUmâm´ ) 1 in September 1829 (3 Rab´fi I 1245) 2 marked the beginning of Me‰med fiAl´’s legislative activity in the fields of criminal, constitutional and commercial law. During that year (1245 H., 1829- 1830 C.E.), two criminal codes

Journal

Islamic Law and SocietyBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1999

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