© Brill, Leiden, 1999 Islamic Law and Society 6,2 "FOR HIS CORRECTION AND AS A DETERRENT EXAMPLE FOR OTHERS" ME…MED fiAL`’S FIRST CRIMINAL LEGISLATION (1829-1830) RUDOLPH PETERS (Universiteit van Amsterdam) Abstract Until now, the first criminal legislation promulgated by Me‰med fiAl´ has been available only in an unreliable Arabic summary. In this essay, I edit and translate the original Ottoman Turkish text, as found in the Egyptian National Archive. The edition and translation are preceded by an analysis of the code in which I argue (1) that this code is best regarded as an expression of Me‰med fiAl´’s attempt to centralize and rationalize the governmental apparatus and the administration of justice, in order to tighten his control over Egypt; and (2) that the document can be read as an articulation of the perceived social distance between the Turkish- speaking ruling class and other groups in Egyptian society. T HE CONVENING OF THE CONSULTATIVE COUNCIL ( Meclis-i MeÛve- ret, Meclis-i fiUmâm´ ) 1 in September 1829 (3 Rab´fi I 1245) 2 marked the beginning of Me‰med fiAl´’s legislative activity in the fields of criminal, constitutional and commercial law. During that year (1245 H., 1829- 1830 C.E.), two criminal codes
Islamic Law and Society – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1999
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