Living Resources and Aquaculture Jeffrey Smith* Barrister and Lecturer in Law, Ottawa, Canada On 14 December, 2011, centuries of European fishing on Africa's Saharan coast came to an abrupt, unforeseen end. The European Parliament voted to reject the continuation of fishery arrangements for the European Community that began in 1988, had been earlier uninterrupted between Morocco and Spain since 1975, and which Spain had enjoyed since it first colonized Western Sahara in 1884. Although members of the European Parliament may not have intended the coincidence, the day also marked the anniversary of the United Nations General Assembly resolution on selfdetermination for non-self-governing peoples, which has its last significant application in the case of Western Sahara. As European fishing vessels began leaving Saharan waters, there were demands that a new treaty replace what Parliament had rejected, the EU-Morocco Fisheries Partnership Agreement.1 At the same time, members of Parliament insisted that the right of the Saharawi people of Western Sahara to sovereignty over their natural resources had to be respected. Parliament's rejection of the Agreement under its new power of review created by the Lisbon Treaty2 had proven to be a startling development. Western Sahara, known until 1975 as Spanish
Ocean Yearbook Online – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2013
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