© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/157006008X335921 Die Welt des Islams 48 (2008) 170-195 First Steps in Writing Arabic Narrative Fiction: The Case of Ḥ adīqat al-Akhbār 1 Basiliyus Bawardi Haifa Abstract This study tracks the significant literary activity of the Beirut newspaper Ḥ adīqat al-Akhbār (1858-1911) in its first ten years. A textual examination of the newspaper reveals that Khalīl al-Khūrī (1836-1907), a central figure of the nah ḍ a and the owner of Ḥ adīqat al-Akhbār , believed that an adoption of a new Western literary genre into the traditional Arabic literary tradition would provide the Arab culture with tools for reviving the Arabic language and create new styles of expression. The textual analysis of numerous narrative fictions that were published in the newspaper demonstrates two significant matters: first, Ḥ adīqat al-Akhbār was the first Arabic newspaper to publish trans lations from Western narrative fiction, especially from the French Romance stories. Secondly, it will be shown how Khalīl al-Khūrī constructed a fetal model of Arabic narrative fiction by publishing a fictional narrative of his own, Wayy, idhan lastu bi-ifranjī (Alas, I’m not a foreigner), in 1859-1861. The literary activity in Ḥ adīqat al-Akhbār , as
Die Welt des Islams – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2008
Keywords: ARABIC NEWSPAPER 19TH CENTURY; NAHDA 19TH CENTURY; ARABIC NARRATIVE FICTION 19TH CENTURY; HADĪQAT AL-AKHBĀR; KHALĪL AL-KHŪRĪ; WEST AND EAST IN ARABIC LITERATURE; TRANSLATION INTO ARABIC 19TH CENTURY; ARABIC NOVEL
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