Ethnicity and Adaptation: Overseas Chinese Entrepreneurship in Papua New Guinea David Y.H. Wu East-West Center, Honolulu. INTRODUCTION Ethnicity is a word which until two decades ago had not appeared in any English dictionary (Rose 1976: 189). But the concept has attracted the concern of social scientists for a very long time. The problem of ethnic identity or ethnicity usually arises when an ethnic group lives among several other groups in a so-called plural society. Ethnicity refers to the objective condition of admission to membership and the subjective sense of belongingness (Rose ibid). Ethnicity is sometimes equated with the characteristics of a cultural group or with subjective symbolic aspects of a culture which differentiate members of a group from the members of another, hence "ethnic identity" (cf. De Vos 1975: 16). Although economic organization is but one aspect of ethnicity or identity maintenance, it is, for some immigrant minorities, the most crucial part of an ethnic definition. As De Vos points out (1975: 12), the Jews of Europe, the Parsis of India, the overseas ' Indians, and the overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia are cases in point. In the present paper I intend to discuss the relation between ethnicity
Asian Journal of Social Science – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1977
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