Ethiopia' Economy and Development Aid Social Indicators Acronyms and Abbreviations SUMMARY' In May 1991, the military government of Mengistu Haile Mariam, also called the Derg (an Amharic word for committee, corresponding to the Spanish 'junta'), was defeated by a coalition of resistance movements, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), supported by the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF), and some smaller liberation fronts. Their victory ended 30 years of war in Eritrea and 15 years of an increasingly inhuman military dictatorship. The Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), leading the EPRDF coalition, invited several nationality resistance movements to join a government coalition for a transitional period on the basis of respect for human rights and decentralisation of powers. A short period of almost unlimited freedom of opinion and of the press blos- somed in Addis Ababa. Internal differences did not evolve into anarchy as many had feared. A Transitional Charter was drafted and approved as provisional constitution by the 'Council of Representatives', a transitional parliament composed of representatives of the resistance movements and social groups of anti-Mengistu reputation. The Charter declared the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to be part of Ethiopian law, and set an agenda for democratic
Human Rights in Development Online – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1996
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