© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/187254609X430768 African Diaspora 2 (2009) 25-51 brill.nl/afdi African Diaspora Escrava Anastácia : Th e Iconographic History of a Brazilian Popular Saint 1 Jerome S. Handler a) and Kelly E. Hayes b) a) Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, Charlottesville, Virginia email@example.com b) Department of Religious Studies, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract Th is article describes the transformation of an image depicting an unnamed, enslaved African man wearing a metal facemask, a common form of punishment in colonial Brazil, into the iconic representation of the martyred slave Anastácia/Anastasia, the focus of a growing religious and political movement in Brazil. Th e authors trace the image to an early 19th century engraving based on a drawing by the Frenchman Jacques Arago. Well over a century later, Arago’s image increasingly became associated with a corpus of myths describing the virtuous suﬀ ering and painful death of a female slave named Anastácia. By the 1990s, Arago’s image (and variations of it), now identiﬁ ed as the martyred Anastácia/Anastasia, had proliferated throughout Brazil, an object of devotion for Catholics and practitioners of Umbanda, as well as a symbol of black pride. Keywords Brazil, Anastácia/Antastasia, slavery, folk
African Diaspora – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
Keywords: ANASTACIA/ANTASTASIA; SLAVERY; UMBANDA; BRAZIL; FOLK CATHOLICISM
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