Environmental Policy Enactment Under the Military Some Generalities Between Brazil and Chile1 MARGARITA ALARIO* Introduction THE VIOLATION of human rights and the impoverishment of a unique natural environment, carried out without impunity, are two main features of the military legacy in Brazil and Chile. However, it would be misleading to imply that human right's violations or environmental deteriora- tion are the solely fabrication of military juntas. Provided that human rights' abuses are recorded in democracies as well, and that environmental deteriora- tion is a global phenomenon, the treatment to human rights and nature exerted by these dictatorships did not seem exceptional. What is distinctive however, is that these regimes have remained by and large unaccountable, particularly for the detrimental impact upon the environment. Furthermore, while international human rights organizations have raised that issue, the repercussions on the environment continue to be unspoken. In part this is so because establishing the connection between human rights and preserving the environment has regret- tably remained, by and large, a rarely acknowledged task by both, environmen- talists and political sociologists. The ensuing analysis is a study of some economic policies that have had devastating impact on the environment, for which both regimes
International Journal of Comparative Sociology (in 2002 continued as Comparative Sociology) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1993
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