ENOCH, ARAMAIC LEVI AND SECTARIAN ORIGINS*) BY MICHAEL E. STONE Jerusalem Important aspect of Qumran origins can, and perhaps should be understood in light of the situation of Judaism in the third century B.C.E., well before the Qumran sect actually appeared. While some aspects of the peculiar views of the Qumran sect are best to be perceived as idiosyncratic developments, other dimensions of what at first seem to be particular views of the Essenes of the Judean desert were in fact of broader diffusion and more antique origin. Consonant with this situation, there exist writings in the Qumran library that antedate the foundation of the sect yet seem allied to the Essene works in some, but not all, of their ideas and terminology'). Indeed, one fortunate result of the publication of some of the manuscripts from Cave 4 at Qumran is that we are able to demon- strate the antiquity of certain such "Qumran-like" documents on newly available literary or palaeographic grounds. Two such works are The Book of Enoch (I Enoch) and The Aramaic Levi Document2). *) This paper was originally written for presentation at the Pseudepigrapha Seminar of the Society for Biblical Literature, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A.
Journal for the Study of Judaism – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1988
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