Enoch, Aramaic Levi and Sectarian Origins*)

Enoch, Aramaic Levi and Sectarian Origins*) ENOCH, ARAMAIC LEVI AND SECTARIAN ORIGINS*) BY MICHAEL E. STONE Jerusalem Important aspect of Qumran origins can, and perhaps should be understood in light of the situation of Judaism in the third century B.C.E., well before the Qumran sect actually appeared. While some aspects of the peculiar views of the Qumran sect are best to be perceived as idiosyncratic developments, other dimensions of what at first seem to be particular views of the Essenes of the Judean desert were in fact of broader diffusion and more antique origin. Consonant with this situation, there exist writings in the Qumran library that antedate the foundation of the sect yet seem allied to the Essene works in some, but not all, of their ideas and terminology'). Indeed, one fortunate result of the publication of some of the manuscripts from Cave 4 at Qumran is that we are able to demon- strate the antiquity of certain such "Qumran-like" documents on newly available literary or palaeographic grounds. Two such works are The Book of Enoch (I Enoch) and The Aramaic Levi Document2). *) This paper was originally written for presentation at the Pseudepigrapha Seminar of the Society for Biblical Literature, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal for the Study of Judaism Brill

Enoch, Aramaic Levi and Sectarian Origins*)

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1988 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0047-2212
eISSN
1570-0631
D.O.I.
10.1163/157006388X00237
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ENOCH, ARAMAIC LEVI AND SECTARIAN ORIGINS*) BY MICHAEL E. STONE Jerusalem Important aspect of Qumran origins can, and perhaps should be understood in light of the situation of Judaism in the third century B.C.E., well before the Qumran sect actually appeared. While some aspects of the peculiar views of the Qumran sect are best to be perceived as idiosyncratic developments, other dimensions of what at first seem to be particular views of the Essenes of the Judean desert were in fact of broader diffusion and more antique origin. Consonant with this situation, there exist writings in the Qumran library that antedate the foundation of the sect yet seem allied to the Essene works in some, but not all, of their ideas and terminology'). Indeed, one fortunate result of the publication of some of the manuscripts from Cave 4 at Qumran is that we are able to demon- strate the antiquity of certain such "Qumran-like" documents on newly available literary or palaeographic grounds. Two such works are The Book of Enoch (I Enoch) and The Aramaic Levi Document2). *) This paper was originally written for presentation at the Pseudepigrapha Seminar of the Society for Biblical Literature, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A.

Journal

Journal for the Study of JudaismBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1988

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