ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF AGONISTIC BEHAVIOR IN THE MALLARD by MICHAEL J. MALEY 1) (Department of Animal Science, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A.) (With 2 Figures) (Rec. 20-XI-1968) Since the publication of voN HoLST's & VON ST. PAUL's ( I96o) paper on the electrical elicitation of complex, integrated behavior patterns from the avian brain, several studies have been published describing the neural substrates of species-typical behavior in birds (E.CJ., PHILLIPS, 1964 ; AKERMAN, Y966a & b; PUTKONEN, 1967). All of these studies have, at least in part, dealt with the location of brain sites producing behavioral patterns of attack, defense, and escape. Much evidence is accumulating suggesting that the central organi- zation of these response systems parallels the neuroanatomical organization of comparable response patterns in mammals (see PUTKONEN, 1967 for a review) . In preparation for studies of behavioral communication in the Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) a series of electrical brain stimulation experiments were undertaken to find sites producing species-typical behavior patterns. In addition, studies were made of the effects of variations of selected aspects of the environment on the electrically elicited patterns. The present paper reports the results of experiments dealing with attack, threat, and escape behaviors.
Behaviour – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1969
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