The Aphelenchoididae Skarbilovich is a diverse nematode family that includes fungal feeders, plant parasites, insect parasites and predators ( e.g. , Hunt, 1993, 2008). Phylogenetically, it is separated into four clades with differing biological characters. Clade 1 consists of two fungal feeding insect-phoretic genera. Clade 2 is separated into two subclades containing fungal feeders and facultative and obligate plant parasites, respectively. Clade 3 is a parasite and predator clade ( i.e. , the clade consists of internal and external insect parasites, predators, and several fungal feeders). Clade 4 corresponds to the subfamily Parasitaphelenchinae Rühm, and contains insect-phoretic fungal feeders, insect parasites and plant parasites (summarised in Kanzaki & Giblin-Davis, 2012; Kanzaki et al. , 2013a, b). Within the Clade 3 genera, Ektaphelenchoides Baujard (Ektaphelenchinae) is a biologically divergent group including ectoparasites, e.g. , E. winteri Hooper, 1995, parasitising the maggots of a Xylodiplosis wood fly (Hooper, 1995), and endoparasites, e.g. , Ektaphelenchoides spondylis Kanzaki, Giblin-Davis & Center, 2009, parasitising the body cavity of a cerambycid beetle, Spondylis buprestoides (L.) (Kanzaki et al. , 2009). Ektaphelenchoides spondylis was isolated from an adult male of S. buprestoides , the type host of the nematode, obtained in Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan (36°03′56″N,
Nematology – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2014
Keywords: Aphelenchoididae; insect parasitism; phylogeny; predation
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