Education and Modernization: An Examination of the Experiences of Japan and Ethiopia G ETACHEW F ELLEKE A BSTRACT Japan has cultivated an immensely positive image among countries in the Sub-Saharan Region of Africa. Its industrial prowess, its post-war image as champion of peace, and its generous contributions of aid through its ODA lie behind this image. Beyond this, it also has long been regarded as a model of how a non-western and non-European country can success- fully undertake a fast paced process of modernization. It is especially appealing as a model for African states to emulate in that the country managed to achieve its modernization without having to bear an undue cost of erosion of sover- eignty and cultural integrity. This paper is a comparative examination of the early and divergent approaches to mod- ernization that were adopted by Japan and Ethiopia. A commonly accepted strategy for economic development has been the availability of a sizable human resource with skills that are productive and growing. It is a strategy that was once widely accepted as a sure means for accelerating development. Hence the great commitment to investment in education that African states such as Ethiopia undertook during the
African and Asian Studies – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2005
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