Ecological Quality Objectives for Marine Coastal Waters: The Wadden Sea Experience

Ecological Quality Objectives for Marine Coastal Waters: The Wadden Sea Experience Ecological Quality Objectives for Marine Coastal Waters: The Wadden Sea Experience Folkert de Jong Common Secretariat for Co-operation on the Protection of the Wadden Sea, Wilhemshaven, Germany Introduction Marine water quality policies in northwest Europe are generally governed by the "emission" approach. In this approach pollution of the marine environment is to be reduced by reducing polluting emissions-dumping, discharges to water, air and soil. diffuse inputs-at source. To this end Emission Standards (ES) for a number of dangerous substances have been fixed at national and international levels. Important forums where international ESs have been agreed upon are the Paris Convention and the European Commission. In these forums there has been a lengthy discussion between the United Kingdom and other contracting parties about the application of Uniform Emission Standards (UESs). which were favoured by the latter and Environmental Quality Objectives (EQOs) which were applied in UK water management.' The UK use of EQOs for marine waters involves the setting of limit concentration values in its coastal waters for the sub- stances for which other countries apply UESs. At the International Conferences on the Protection of the North Sea (Bremen, 1984: London, 1987; The Hague. 1990) the use of both http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Estuarine and Coastal Law (in 1993 continued as The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law) Brill

Ecological Quality Objectives for Marine Coastal Waters: The Wadden Sea Experience

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1992 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0268-0106
eISSN
1875-2993
D.O.I.
10.1163/187529992X00260
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Ecological Quality Objectives for Marine Coastal Waters: The Wadden Sea Experience Folkert de Jong Common Secretariat for Co-operation on the Protection of the Wadden Sea, Wilhemshaven, Germany Introduction Marine water quality policies in northwest Europe are generally governed by the "emission" approach. In this approach pollution of the marine environment is to be reduced by reducing polluting emissions-dumping, discharges to water, air and soil. diffuse inputs-at source. To this end Emission Standards (ES) for a number of dangerous substances have been fixed at national and international levels. Important forums where international ESs have been agreed upon are the Paris Convention and the European Commission. In these forums there has been a lengthy discussion between the United Kingdom and other contracting parties about the application of Uniform Emission Standards (UESs). which were favoured by the latter and Environmental Quality Objectives (EQOs) which were applied in UK water management.' The UK use of EQOs for marine waters involves the setting of limit concentration values in its coastal waters for the sub- stances for which other countries apply UESs. At the International Conferences on the Protection of the North Sea (Bremen, 1984: London, 1987; The Hague. 1990) the use of both

Journal

International Journal of Estuarine and Coastal Law (in 1993 continued as The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law)Brill

Published: Jan 1, 1992

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