ECOLOGICAL CUES AND EXPERIENCE MODIFY INTERSPECIFIC AGGRESSION BY THE DAMSELFISH, STEGASTES FASCIOLATUS by GEORGE S. LOSEY, Jr1) (Department of Zoology and Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Kaneohe, Hawaii, U.S.A.) (With 6 Figures) (Acc. 23-IV-1982) Introduction Aggression between species has been established as an important biological process. Avian studies have concentrated on interaction be- tween territorial species (but see e.g., KODRICK-BROWN & BROWN, 1978) while work on reef fishes has dealt largely with attacks by territorial species on nonterritorial fish (but see e.g., WALDNER & ROBERTSON, 1980). Not surprisingly, the avian literature indicates that interspecific aggres- sion can result from mistaken identity between closely related and behaviorally similar species (e.g., JOHNSON, 1963; FISHER, 1964) and could be a temporary and maladaptive state (MURRAY, 1971). In con- trast, the fish literature has emphasized the adaptive nature of in- terspecific territoriality in that the degree of aggression shown to a species is correlated with the degree of overlap in ecological requirements (e.g., LOW, 1971; EBERSOLE, 1977; MORAN & SALE, 1977; MAHONEY, 1981). Another side of the avian literature presents a similar emphasis on the adaptive nature of interspecific territories, but primarily from the view- point of mutually territorial
Behaviour – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1982
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