Dominance among female white-faced capuchin monkeys ( Cebus capucinus ): hierarchical linearity, nepotism, strength and stability Mackenzie L. Bergstrom & Linda M. Fedigan 1) (Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1N4) (Accepted: 5 March 2010) Summary Research on Old World primates provided the foundation for understanding competitive strategies resulting from social and ecological pressures. The neotropical primate, Cebus ca- pucinus shares many social patterns with Old World cercopithecines (e.g., female philopatry, male dispersal), which may contribute to similar expression of competitive strategies. To clarify the nature of dominance patterns among female white-faced capuchins we examined hierarchical linearity, rank acquisition, matrilineal rank inheritance, hierarchical strength and stability. We collected focal data on 22 adult females (2008) and long-term dominance data (1986–2008) on 33 adult females in Sector Santa Rosa, Costa Rica. Females displayed linear hierarchies based on the direction of dyadic submission. At sexual maturity females quickly acquired rank positions beneath their mother and older sisters. Hierarchies were considered strong based on high proportions of food-related agonism, short latency to detection of hi- erarchies (21 h/female) and low directional inconsistency scores ( < 5%). Hierarchies were considered stable based on lack
Behaviour – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2010
Keywords: FEMALES; SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR; RANK INHERITANCE; NEOTROPICAL PRIMATES; COMPETITIVE STRATEGIES
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