DOING THINGS WITH ODES: A POETÕS PLEDGES OF ALLEGIANCE: IBN DARR¤J AL - QASÞALLÁÕS H¤¾IYYAH TO AL - MANÑàR AND R¤¾IYYAH TO AL - MUNDHIR MAJD YASER AL - MALLAH Grand Valley State University Abstract This article analyzes two of Ibn Darr¨j al-QasßallÂÕs famous odes presented to al- Man×âr b. AbÂ ®¤mir (d. 392/1002) and Mundhir b. Ya½y¨ (d. 412/1022). Applying speech act theory reveals that these odes perform the illocutionary act, to use speech act terminology, of obligating the patron to reward the poet as a symbol of estab- lishing a mutual relationship that is based on the poetÕs pledge of allegiance and the patronÕs acknowledgment of obligation toward the poet. The analysis focuses on what the panegyric ode does and what e ff ect it has on the poet and patron within a proper context in the community. The paper uses speech act theory as a general framework for the ritual of gift exchange, which consists of giving (the poem as a gift), receiving (the poem by the patron), and repaying (the poet). This ritual estab- lishes speci c obligations between poet and patron that allow the panegyric ode to accomplish speci c objectives.
Journal of Arabic Literature – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2003
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