DIVISION, DIALECTIQUE ET DÈFINITION CHEZ PLATON ET ARISTOTE

DIVISION, DIALECTIQUE ET DÈFINITION CHEZ PLATON ET ARISTOTE In this article, I examine the way Aristotle makes use of the methods Plato labelled as "dialectic". After suggesting a unified interpretation of Plato’s dialectic, I show that Aristotle makes room for them not inside the context of demonstrative science, but at the level of the investigation concerning the principles of such a science. These principles are, for the most part, definitions; and Plato’s dialectical methods are designed to search for and obtain definitions. Although Aristotle, contrary to Plato, seems to distinguish between dialectic and philosophy, he relates both to the same capacity, and he suggests that their methods are identical up to a certain point. Moreover, the cognitive state corresponding to dialectic is, for Aristotle as for Plato, intelligence ( nous ). Nevertheless, there remain important differences between Plato and Aristotle on this issue: while the dialogical dimension of dialectic is for Plato constitutive of philosophy and implies that the philosophical thought is a perpetual motion, it is according to Aristotle what distinguishes dialectic from philosophy, which must for its part come to a rest; and while philosophy presupposes a rupture with sensation according to Plato, Aristotle envisages it in continuity with sensible experience. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Méthexis Brill

DIVISION, DIALECTIQUE ET DÈFINITION CHEZ PLATON ET ARISTOTE

Méthexis , Volume 27 (1): 25 – Mar 30, 2014

DIVISION, DIALECTIQUE ET DÈFINITION CHEZ PLATON ET ARISTOTE


Methexis XXVII (2014) pp. 25-45 Articoli DIVISION, DIALECTIQUE ET DEFINITION CHEZ PLATON ET ARISTOTE SYL V AIN DELCOMMINETTE ABTRACT: In this article, lexamine the way Aristotle makes use of the methods Plato labelled as "dialectic". After suggesting a unified interpretation of Plato's dialectic, I show that Aristotle makes room for them not inside the context of demonstrative science, but at the level of the investigation conceming the principles of such a science. These principles are, for the most part, definitions; and Plato's dialectical methods are designed to search for and obtain definitions. Although Aristotle, contrary to Plato, seems to distinguish between dialectic and philosophy, he relates both to the same capacity, and he suggests that their methods are identical up to a certain point. Moreover, the cognitive state corresponding to dialectic is, for Aristotle as for Plato, intelligence (nous). Nevertheless, there remain important differences between Plato and Aristotle on this issue: while the dialogical dimension of dialectic is for Plato constitutive of philosophy and implies that the philosophical thought is a perpetual motion, it is according to Aristotle what distinguishes dialectic from philosophy, which must for its part come to a rest; and while philosophy presupposes a rupture with sensation according to Plato, Aristotle envisages it in continuity with sensible experience. Vouloir comparer Ie statut et Ia fonction de Ia dialectique chez Platon et Aristote est evidemment une entreprise perilleuse, notamment parce que cela suppose que I' on dispose d 'une notion relativement precise de ce que le terme " dialectique " recouvre chez l'un et l'autre philosophes. C'est pourtant ce que je vais tenter de faire ici, en m'attachant plus precisement a montrer ce que la dialectique platonicienne est devenue chez Aristote, qu'elle continue a etre designee par ce terme ou non. Pour ce...
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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© Copyright 2002 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0327-0289
eISSN
2468-0974
D.O.I.
10.1163/24680974-90000631
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this article, I examine the way Aristotle makes use of the methods Plato labelled as "dialectic". After suggesting a unified interpretation of Plato’s dialectic, I show that Aristotle makes room for them not inside the context of demonstrative science, but at the level of the investigation concerning the principles of such a science. These principles are, for the most part, definitions; and Plato’s dialectical methods are designed to search for and obtain definitions. Although Aristotle, contrary to Plato, seems to distinguish between dialectic and philosophy, he relates both to the same capacity, and he suggests that their methods are identical up to a certain point. Moreover, the cognitive state corresponding to dialectic is, for Aristotle as for Plato, intelligence ( nous ). Nevertheless, there remain important differences between Plato and Aristotle on this issue: while the dialogical dimension of dialectic is for Plato constitutive of philosophy and implies that the philosophical thought is a perpetual motion, it is according to Aristotle what distinguishes dialectic from philosophy, which must for its part come to a rest; and while philosophy presupposes a rupture with sensation according to Plato, Aristotle envisages it in continuity with sensible experience.

Journal

MéthexisBrill

Published: Mar 30, 2014

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