© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI 10.1163/187498310X519716 Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews 3 (2010) 111–128 brill.nl/tar T A R Diversity of feeding strategies in adult Mecoptera Christopher M. Palmer Biodiversity Conservation Division, Northern Territory Department of Natural Resources, Environment, the Arts and Sport, PO Box 1120, Alice Springs NT 0871, Australia e-mail: email@example.com Received: 19 May 2010; accepted 19 June 2010 Summary In this article I review the diet and feeding behaviour of adult scorpionﬂ ies in the nine extant families. Members of the Apteropanorpidae and Panorpidae are saprophagous on dead and decaying invertebrates, and the only known eomeropid Notiothauma reedi is also saprophagous on animal matter. Bittacids are predacious on a variety of invertebrates, predominantly insects. Both bittacids and panorpids supplement their diet with a variety of food sources such as nectar, and members of the Nannochoristidae most likely utilise nectar as the primary food source. Adult Panorpodidae are phytophagous, and all species of Boreidae are also regarded as phytophagous, although feeding on invertebrate carrion has also been reported for this family. Th e diets of the Meropeidae and Choristidae in natural habitats are unknown, although choristids may be saprophagous based on laboratory investigations. Nuptial feeding is a
Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2010
Keywords: ROSTRUM; FAMILIES; BEHAVIOUR; BIOLOGY; DIET; SCORPIONFL IES; HANGINGFL IES
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