91 Development of Biology in Aristotle and Theophrastus: Theory of Spontaneous Generation D. M. BALME N THE Metaphysics Aristotle quite often uses biological examples, but they seem to be taken from general knowledge rather than from his own biological works as we now have them. This is shown by the numerous small discrepancies, and especially by the difference in his views of generation and of spontaneity. The difference is such as to suggest that the views expressed in the Metaphysics are earlier than those in de Generatione Animalium, which in turn are earlier than those in Hist. An. V and VI. Theophrastus' views seem to belong to an inter- mediate phase between A's Metaphysics and the relevant sections of G.A. and H.A. To take the small discrepancies first: Met. A. i introduces the study of metaphysics from a decidedly biological point of view, but in doing so it makes statements that have no relation with the psychological and biological works. At 98oa 26 he says that sight 7tO?E! but at de Sensu 43 7a s he says that hearing is 7tpOç VOUV xpe'trrwv because we hear words, and hence the congenitally blind are less handicapped than the congenitally
Phronesis – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1962
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