Desire, Foresight, Intentions, and Intentional Actions: Probing Folk Intuitions

Desire, Foresight, Intentions, and Intentional Actions: Probing Folk Intuitions Desire, Foresight, Intentions, and Intentional Actions: Probing Folk Intuitions T  N  * ABSTRACT A number of philosophers working under the rubric of “experimental philosophy” have recently begun focusing on analyzing the concepts of ordinary language and investigat- ing the intuitions of laypersons in an empirically informed way. In a series of papers these philosophers – who often work in collaboration with psychologists – have pre- sented the results of empirical studies aimed at proving folk intuitions in areas as diverse as ethics, epistemology, free will, and the philosophy of action. In this paper, I con- tribute to this research program by discussing the results of some new experiments that further probe folk intuitions about the relationship between desire, foresight, intent, inten- tional action, and moral considerations. KEYWORDS Folk intuitions, moral judgments, foresight, intention, intentional action Introduction Philosophers have long been interested in the relationship between desire, foresight, intentions, and intentional actions – and for good reason. After all, on a number of occasions, determining how much praise or blame an agent deserves may depend on our having fi rst understood the proper connection between this closely related cluster of concepts. For instance, should we hold an http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cognition and Culture Brill

Desire, Foresight, Intentions, and Intentional Actions: Probing Folk Intuitions

Journal of Cognition and Culture, Volume 6 (1-2): 133 – Jan 1, 2006

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2006 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1567-7095
eISSN
1568-5373
D.O.I.
10.1163/156853706776931259
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Desire, Foresight, Intentions, and Intentional Actions: Probing Folk Intuitions T  N  * ABSTRACT A number of philosophers working under the rubric of “experimental philosophy” have recently begun focusing on analyzing the concepts of ordinary language and investigat- ing the intuitions of laypersons in an empirically informed way. In a series of papers these philosophers – who often work in collaboration with psychologists – have pre- sented the results of empirical studies aimed at proving folk intuitions in areas as diverse as ethics, epistemology, free will, and the philosophy of action. In this paper, I con- tribute to this research program by discussing the results of some new experiments that further probe folk intuitions about the relationship between desire, foresight, intent, inten- tional action, and moral considerations. KEYWORDS Folk intuitions, moral judgments, foresight, intention, intentional action Introduction Philosophers have long been interested in the relationship between desire, foresight, intentions, and intentional actions – and for good reason. After all, on a number of occasions, determining how much praise or blame an agent deserves may depend on our having fi rst understood the proper connection between this closely related cluster of concepts. For instance, should we hold an

Journal

Journal of Cognition and CultureBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2006

Keywords: FOLK INTUITIONS; INTENTIONAL ACTION; MORAL JUDGMENTS; INTENTION; FORESIGHT

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