Desire, Foresight, Intentions, and Intentional Actions: Probing Folk Intuitions T N * ABSTRACT A number of philosophers working under the rubric of “experimental philosophy” have recently begun focusing on analyzing the concepts of ordinary language and investigat- ing the intuitions of laypersons in an empirically informed way. In a series of papers these philosophers – who often work in collaboration with psychologists – have pre- sented the results of empirical studies aimed at proving folk intuitions in areas as diverse as ethics, epistemology, free will, and the philosophy of action. In this paper, I con- tribute to this research program by discussing the results of some new experiments that further probe folk intuitions about the relationship between desire, foresight, intent, inten- tional action, and moral considerations. KEYWORDS Folk intuitions, moral judgments, foresight, intention, intentional action Introduction Philosophers have long been interested in the relationship between desire, foresight, intentions, and intentional actions – and for good reason. After all, on a number of occasions, determining how much praise or blame an agent deserves may depend on our having ﬁ rst understood the proper connection between this closely related cluster of concepts. For instance, should we hold an
Journal of Cognition and Culture – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2006
Keywords: FOLK INTUITIONS; INTENTIONAL ACTION; MORAL JUDGMENTS; INTENTION; FORESIGHT
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