Democratization and Environmentalism: South Korea and Taiwan in Comparative Perspective

Democratization and Environmentalism: South Korea and Taiwan in Comparative Perspective Democratization and Environmentalism: South Korea and Taiwan in Comparative Perspective SUNHYUK KIM ¤ ABSTRACT Focusing on the emergence and evolution of environmentalism in South Korea and Taiwan since the mid-1980s, this paper analyzes the relationship between democratic consolidation and environmental politics. In both countries, an environmental movement arose after a series of environmental disasters and expanded through the effective politicizationof environmental issues by the opposition parties. The general relationship between environmental groups and political parties differs signiŽ cantly in the two countries compared. In South Korea, environmental groups have maintained relative autonomy from political society, forging only tactical alignments with opposition parties. In Taiwan, the environmental movement from its inception has been closely afŽ liated with and depended upon the dissident movement. Additionally, in terms of the relationship between the environmental movement and the state, South Korea represents a pattern of “congruent engagement” whereas Taiwan stands for a “con ictual engagement.” These differences in the development of environmentalism are closely related to the different modes of democratic transition in the two countries. In South Korea, the intensive “politics of protest” by civil society groups resulted in drastic changes in the ruling bloc. In Taiwan, elite-led and pacted transition http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Asian and African Studies (in 2002 continued as African and Asian Studies) Brill

Democratization and Environmentalism: South Korea and Taiwan in Comparative Perspective

Journal of Asian and African Studies (in 2002 continued as African and Asian Studies), Volume 35 (3): 287 – Jan 1, 2000

Loading next page...
 
/lp/brill/democratization-and-environmentalism-south-korea-and-taiwan-in-KT2MZguJBQ
Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2000 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0021-9096
eISSN
1568-5217
D.O.I.
10.1163/156852100512257
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Democratization and Environmentalism: South Korea and Taiwan in Comparative Perspective SUNHYUK KIM ¤ ABSTRACT Focusing on the emergence and evolution of environmentalism in South Korea and Taiwan since the mid-1980s, this paper analyzes the relationship between democratic consolidation and environmental politics. In both countries, an environmental movement arose after a series of environmental disasters and expanded through the effective politicizationof environmental issues by the opposition parties. The general relationship between environmental groups and political parties differs signiŽ cantly in the two countries compared. In South Korea, environmental groups have maintained relative autonomy from political society, forging only tactical alignments with opposition parties. In Taiwan, the environmental movement from its inception has been closely afŽ liated with and depended upon the dissident movement. Additionally, in terms of the relationship between the environmental movement and the state, South Korea represents a pattern of “congruent engagement” whereas Taiwan stands for a “con ictual engagement.” These differences in the development of environmentalism are closely related to the different modes of democratic transition in the two countries. In South Korea, the intensive “politics of protest” by civil society groups resulted in drastic changes in the ruling bloc. In Taiwan, elite-led and pacted transition

Journal

Journal of Asian and African Studies (in 2002 continued as African and Asian Studies)Brill

Published: Jan 1, 2000

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off