Deformities in cane toad ( Bufo marinus ) populations in Bermuda: Part II. Progress towards characterization of chemical stressors Douglas J. Fort 1,2 , Robert L. Rogers 1 , Jamie P. Bacon 3 1 Fort Environmental Laboratories, Stillwater, OK 74074 USA 2 Corresponding author; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 3 Bermuda Zoological Society, Flatts FL 04 Bermuda Abstract. An alarming high incidence of deformities in mature and newly metamorphosed Bufo marinus was identified in 2002 (29% in adults and 21% in metamorph specimens) in Bermuda. Suspicion of multiple chemical stressors in many of the effected ponds warranted identification of potential causative agents. Short-term embryo-larval, chronic exposure studies through hind limb development, and a battery of toxicity identification studies were performed with B. marinus and the surrogate species, Xenopus laevis , using sediment and water collected from four target ponds and one reference pond in Bermuda. Short-term embryo larval developmental toxicity studies based on a modified FETAX method indicated that samples from each of the target sites were capable of inducing abnormal development. Malformations induced in the early developmental tests were consistent amongst the species and included abnormal development of the craniofacial region, eye, mouth, and gut. Limb reduction deficit defects were
Applied Herpetology – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2006
Keywords: SYNERGISM; BUFO MARINUS; CHEMICAL STRESSORS; CHEMICAL INTERACTION; DEFORMITIES; BERMUDA
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera