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Defining the Archaeological Cultures at the Sanxingdui Site

Defining the Archaeological Cultures at the Sanxingdui Site © Brill, Leiden 2006 JEAA 5, 1–4 DEFINING THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL CULTURES AT THE SANXINGDUI SITE BY JAY XU 許杰 (The Art Institute of Chicago) Abstract The Sanxingdui site is a Neolithic and early Bronze Age site in the Chengdu Plain in Sichuan Province, southwest China. Over the years, as archaeological fieldwork at the site has progressed, the understanding of the site and its culture has changed gradually. This article discusses the stratigraphy, pottery typology, periodization, and absolute dating of Sanxingdui, aiming to evaluate major periodization schemes and different definitions of the Sanxingdui Culture, which the site typifies. It is argued that the San- xingdui Culture encompasses Phase II through Phase IV of the four-phase periodization scheme for the Sanxingdui site and that the earliest remains at the Shi’erqiao site in nearby Chengdu, contemporary with the Phase IV remains at Sanxingdui, should be included in the spatial and temporal dimensions of the Sanxingdui Culture. For archaeologists in China as elsewhere, “archaeological culture” commonly means a distribution of material culture traits that can be observed consistently over a restricted area and within a given period.1 It is delimited in both space and time. Routinely, the archaeological culture is defined mainly http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of East Asian Archaeology Brill

Defining the Archaeological Cultures at the Sanxingdui Site

Journal of East Asian Archaeology , Volume 5 (1): 149 – Jan 1, 2003

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2003 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1387-6813
eISSN
1568-5233
DOI
10.1163/156852303776173006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

© Brill, Leiden 2006 JEAA 5, 1–4 DEFINING THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL CULTURES AT THE SANXINGDUI SITE BY JAY XU 許杰 (The Art Institute of Chicago) Abstract The Sanxingdui site is a Neolithic and early Bronze Age site in the Chengdu Plain in Sichuan Province, southwest China. Over the years, as archaeological fieldwork at the site has progressed, the understanding of the site and its culture has changed gradually. This article discusses the stratigraphy, pottery typology, periodization, and absolute dating of Sanxingdui, aiming to evaluate major periodization schemes and different definitions of the Sanxingdui Culture, which the site typifies. It is argued that the San- xingdui Culture encompasses Phase II through Phase IV of the four-phase periodization scheme for the Sanxingdui site and that the earliest remains at the Shi’erqiao site in nearby Chengdu, contemporary with the Phase IV remains at Sanxingdui, should be included in the spatial and temporal dimensions of the Sanxingdui Culture. For archaeologists in China as elsewhere, “archaeological culture” commonly means a distribution of material culture traits that can be observed consistently over a restricted area and within a given period.1 It is delimited in both space and time. Routinely, the archaeological culture is defined mainly

Journal

Journal of East Asian ArchaeologyBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2003

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