© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/157180608X365235 International Negotiation 13 (2008) 341–364 www.brill.nl/iner ‘Damned if You Do, and Damned if You Don’t’: Nordic Involvement and Images of Th ird-Party Neutrality in Sri Lanka Kristine Höglund * Associate Professor, Department of Peace and Conﬂ ict Research Uppsala University, Sweden (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org) Isak Svensson ** Assistant Professor, Department of Peace and Conﬂ ict Research Uppsala University, Box 514, 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden (E-mail: email@example.com) Received 3 September 2007; accepted 2 December 2007 Abstract Th ird-party actors who mediate or monitor peace often strive to uphold an image of neutrality. Yet, they commonly face accusations of partiality. Th e Nordic engagement in the Sri Lankan peace process is an illustration of this puzzle: despite the eﬀ orts to uphold an image of being neutral mediators and monitors, they have been seen as favoring one side or the other. Th is article suggests that part of the explanation for their failure to be seen as neutral lies in the fact that armed conﬂ icts are characterized by certain asym- metries between the main antagonists – in capabilities, status and behavior. Th ese imbalances pose par- ticular challenges to the third party
International Negotiation – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2008
Keywords: MONITORS; INTERNAL CONFLICT; THIRD PARTY; SRI LANKA; SLMM; NEGOTIATIONS; NORWAY; MEDIATORS; ASYMMETRY; MEDIATION
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