319 D. SAHRHAGE (ed.), 1988. Antaretic Ocean and resources variability: xi, 1-304, 232 figs. (Springer Verlag, Berlin, etc.). ISBN 3-540-19294-8 and ISBN 0-387-19294-8. Hardcover. Price DM 198.- (approx. US$ 100.-). The present volume cotnprises the proceedings of the Scicntific Seminar on Antarctic Ocean Variability and its Influence on Marine Living Resources, Particularly Krill, held at Paris, 2-6 June 1987. The main prospects of the symposium were to make an inventory of knowledge about variations in the Antarctic circulation system and their possible causes, and to assess the effects of such fluctuations on primary productivity and zooplankton. The next steps were to estimate the influences of the total of the aforementioned events on krill distribution and abun- dance, and, subsequently, to trace these effects up the trophic pyramid to the level of krill predators, i.e., seals, fishes, and penguins. The contents include: Part 1, Meso/large-scale variability in the environment - H. van Loon & D. J. Shea, A survey of the atmospheric elements at the ocean's surface south of 40°S; I,. Kaufeld, Variability of the atmospheric circulation over the Drake Passage, Scotia Sea and Weddell Sea; D. Sahrhage, Some indications for environmental and krill resources variability in the southern ocean; A. L. Gordon, Spatial and temporal variability within the southern ocean; H. A. Sievers & W. D. Nowlin, Jr., Upper ocean characteristics in Drake Passage and adjoining areas of the southern ocean, 39°W-95°W; M. Stein, Variation of geostrophic circula- tion off the Antarctic peninsula and in the southwest Scotia Sea, 1975-1985; Y. Nagata, Y. Michida & Y. Umimura, Variation of positions and structures of the oceanic fronts in the Indian sector of the southern ocean in the period from 1965 to 1987. Part 2, Meso/large-scale variability in the biota (related to the environment) - S. Z. El-Sayed, Seasonal and interannual variabilities in Antarctic phytoplankton with reference to krill distribution; E. J. Murphy et al., Scales of interaction between Antarctic krill and the environment; W. O. Smith, Jr., N. K. Keene & J. C. Comiso, Interannual variability in estimated primary productivity of the Antarc- tic marginal ice zone; D. G. Ainley, W. R. Fraser & K. L. Daly, Effects of pack ice on the com- position of micronektonic communities in the Weddell Sea; A. Keliermann & K.-H. Kock, Pat- terns of spatial and temporal distribution and their variation in early life stages of Antarctic fish in the Antarctic peninsula region; M. Bolter et al., The pelagic ecosystem of the Bransfield Strait, Antarctica: an analysis of microbiological, planktological and chemical characteristics by multivariate analyses. Part 3, Krill variability in relation to the cnvironment - J. Priddle et al., Large-scale fluctuations in distribution and abundance of krill - A discussion of possible causes; F. Nast et al., Hydrography, krill and fish and their possible relationships around Elephant Island; I. Everson, Can we satisfactorily estimate variation in krill abundance?; V. V. Maslennikov & E. V. Solyankin, Patterns of fluctuations in the hydrological conditions of the Antarctic and their effect on the distribution of Antarctic krill; S. Rakusa-Suszczewski, Dif- ferences in the hydrology, biomass, and species distribution of plankton, fishes, and birds in the Bransfield Strait and the Drake Passage during FIBEX 1981 and SIBEX 1983/84; V. Siegel, ,A concept of seasonal variation of krill (Euphausi'a distribution and abundance west of the Antarctic peninsula; R. R. Makarov et al., Variability in population density of Antarctic krill in the western Scotia Sea in relation to hydrological conditions; Z. Witek, J. Kalinowski & A. Grelowski, Formation of Antarctic krill concentrations in relation to hydrodynamic pro- cesses and social behaviour; D. G. M. Miller & P. M. S. Monteiro, Variability in the physical and biotic environment of the Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana), south of Africa: some results and a conceptual appraisal of important interactions. Part 4, Krill variability detected from predator studies - J. P. Croxall et al., Reproductive performance of seabirds and seals at South Georgia and Signy Island, South Orkney Islands, 1976-1987: implications for southern ocean monitoring studies; J. L. Bengtson, Long-term trends in the foraging patterns of female Antarctic fur seals at South Georgia; T. Nemoto et al., Squid as predators on krill (Euphausia superba) and prey for sperm whales in the southern ocean. The editor, D. Sahrhage, has taken care of the Preface as well as of the Sumrnary and Conclu- sions. The book is concluded by a subject index. This volume contains a wealth of information and evidently is a must for all those working somehow on productivity in subpolar regions. J. C. VON VAUPEL KLEIN
Crustaceana – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1989
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