© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/157180810X520318 The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 25 (2010) 425–436 brill.nl/estu THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARINE AND COASTAL LAW Current Legal Developments People’s Republic of China The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Island Protection 2009 Introduction The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Island Protection (hereinafter, Island Protection Law), which was adopted at the 12th session of the Elev- enth National People’s Congress Standing Committee on 26 December 2009, came into force on 1 March 2010. 1 It is the first national law devel- oped by China’s top legislature to preserve/restore the ecosystem of islands and to protect its “Special Purpose Islands”, against a background in which overexploitation has led to serious environmental problems and even endan- gered the country’s territorial integrity and marine rights and benefits. This article reviews the background to the legislation, indicating the need for environmental measures and the extent to which the new law meets these needs. Background to the Island Protection Law Ecological Degradation of the Islands Scattered in the 3,000,000 square kilometres of waters over which China claims jurisdiction, are over 6,500 islands over 500 square meters
The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2010
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