269 Current Legal Developments United States Establishment of a 24-Mile US Contiguous Zone On 2 September 1999, President Bill Clinton proclaimed an extension of the contiguous zone for the United States of America to 24 nautical miles from US baselines, The contiguous zone extension applies both to the United States and to US territories and possessions, including the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the US Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. The United States, which is not a party to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOS Convention), has used presidential proclamations to extend various zones to the maximum extent recognised in the Convention. President Reagan proclaimed a 200-mile US exclusive economic zone in 19832 and a 12-mile US territorial sea in 1988.3 The 1999 Contiguous Zone Proclamation asserts that the US contiguous zone extension is "in accordance with international law". Prior to the 1999 Contiguous Zone Proclamation, the United States officially claimed a "9-mile contiguous zone of high seas seaward of a three-mile territorial sea.4 This contiguous zone was in accordance with Article 24 of the 1958 Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone,
The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2000
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